In July 1960, Wheeling had a 16-yr-outdated customer to the tennis courts of Oglebay. Few knew that this young African American boy would turn out to be one in every of the best American tennis players of all time. His identify was Arthur Ashe. Who was Arthur Ashe? Arthur Ashe (1943-1993) was a professional tennis player and civil rights activist who’s remembered for breaking down race barriers, on and off the courtroom. Ashe grew up in Richmond, Virginia studying to play tennis on segregated courts; he was forbidden from practicing on white city courts and competing in city tournaments. Despite being shut out of the white tennis circles in Richmond, Ashe’s skills and talent have been noticed and he began coaching during the summers as a teenager with Walter “Whirlwind” Johnson in Lynchburg, VA. Ashe ultimately went on to play tennis at UCLA, graduating with a enterprise degree. In 1963, in the midst of his time at UCLA, Ashe turned the primary Black player to turn out to be part of the US Davis Cup group and was finally named captain.2 While serving in the US Army for two years, in 1968, Ashe received the US Open; he was the first Black man to win the title.Three Later that year, he also became the first Black man to be ranked No. 1 by the United States Lawn Tennis Association (USLTA).Four Later in his profession, Ashe received two other Grand Slam titles on the Australian Open and Wimbledon.
Along with his impressive tennis profession as a player, Ashe can also be significantly lauded for his civil rights activism and work in bettering lives in his neighborhood. He based and supported quite a few packages for youth and minorities, usually geared toward connecting sports, schooling, and alternatives. After his retirement from tennis, Ashe labored and protested to lift awareness against the South African government’s Apartheid policies.Eight In line with the American Tennis Association, “Ashe’s success as a Davis Cup player and his US Open and Wimbledon titles are legendary. Years earlier than his fame, the day earlier than his seventeenth birthday, Arthur Ashe took to the court docket at Oglebay at 10am on July 9th, 1960 to compete in the 18-and-beneath singles finals. His competitor, Hugh Lynch of Bethesda, Maryland was seeded first. A younger competitor on the tournament, Tom Chewning, was additionally from Richmond, but had never met Ashe until they competed in Wheeling. In truth, Chewning initially thought that the tournament director had made a mistake, however when he met Ashe he “immediately saw that being an African American, the rationale that I didn’t know him was as a result of I hadn’t been permitted to know him.
We hadn’t been permitted to be playing together.”11 Ashe had been denied entry into the same tournament in years earlier than because it was held at segregated country clubs in Richmond and Washington, DC, however was lastly allowed to enter in Wheeling. Donald Dell and his household, a tennis participant who was a number of years older than Ashe and would finally change into his manager, would usually drive Ashe home from tennis tournaments (Dell’s younger brother, Richard, often competed in the identical tournaments). Dell remembers that on the trip house from Oglebay in Wheeling, they might “drive all night time. We all knew that if we stopped, Arthur and that i couldn’t keep in the identical motel.”12 Throughout the period of racial segregation in the twentieth century, touring on the highway usually posed dangers for African Americans who have been unfamiliar with the segregation legal guidelines or practices of certain locales. At the time, journey guides just like the Green Book have been widespread with Black travelers to search out safe hospitality and providers when removed from residence-including in Wheeling.
Many lodging choices alongside the southern route between Wheeling and Richmond, VA had been segregated and not an option for Ashe and the white Dell household. Throughout the tournament, The Wheeling Intelligencer devoted a small column of the Sports Section to the outcomes of the semi-finals and doubles finals. However, the publication after the final-and arguably the most thrilling-day when the singles ultimate could be announced… Ashe’s victory. He was the first Black participant to win that tournament. Today, there are quite a few dedications, memorials, and monuments to Ashe’s service, equivalent to Arthur Ashe Boulevard in Richmond and the Arthur Ashe Stadium in NY-the principle stadium used at the US Open. For a famous tennis participant, an novice tournament performed in Wheeling when he was sixteen might really feel like a blip on an extended competitive profession-there were actually extra crucial matches, more difficult opponents, and more spectacular places. However, Ashe’s appearance at Oglebay is essential as a result of it pushes us to remember the segregated state of tennis and sports that, unfortunately, wasn’t that way back and left deep scars. • Emma Wiley, originally from Falls Church, Virginia, is an AmeriCorps member currently serving with Wheeling Heritage researching and writing historical content material for Weelunk. Emma has a B.A.
Epidemiology reporting discrepancies nonetheless exist, especially around the definition of injury exposure where a wide range of definitions are used: per one thousand h, per one thousand matches, per one thousand sets, per 10,000 matches (3,5,7,8). This variability could potentially influence the info in these research. The target of this text is to overview the current epidemiology harm surveillance information on elite gamers to discern the widespread upper limb accidents these athletes maintain. Furthermore, we are going to overview much less properly-identified higher-limb accidents that are not frequently reported yet are regularly encountered, as determined by a sports activities medication physician with important expertise working with elite tennis gamers. To establish publicity rates, injury areas, and kinds in tennis gamers, a search was carried out for epidemiology studies involving elite tennis gamers. Seven studies had been chosen and reviewed including harm surveillance studies from the US Open, Australian Open, Wimbledon, Davis Cup, WTA, and ATP. A list of frequent accidents in the higher limb was then comprised and subsequently reviewed by TW, an professional in tennis injuries and Australian Open Chief Medical Officer from 2001 to 2017. The checklist was refined to the most common injuries of the upper limb with the addition of much less well-known yet clinically relevant injuries.